This chapter is devoted to the description of the (hopefully very few) problems
that could arise when porting
ne to other flavors of UN*X.
The fact that only POSIX calls have been used (see Motivations and Design) should guarantee that on POSIX-compliant systems a
recompilation should suffice. Unfortunately,
terminfo has not
been standardized by IEEE, so that different calls could be
available. The necessary calls are
tputs(). The other
terminfo functions are never used.
terminfo is not available, the source files info2cap.c
and info2cap.h map
terminfo calls on
calls. The complete GNU
termcap sources are distributed with
ne, so no library at all is needed to use them. You just have to
compile using one of the options explained in the makefile and in
the README. Should you need comprehensive information on GNU
termcap, you can find the distribution files on any
site that distributes the GNU archives. I should note that the GNU
termcap manual is definitely the best manual ever written about
There are, however, some details that are not specified by POSIX, or are specified with insufficient precision. The places of the source where such details come to the light are evidenced by the ‘PORTABILITY PROBLEM’ string, which is followed by a complete explanation of the problem.
For instance, there is no standard way of printing extended ASCII
characters (i.e., characters whose code is smaller than 32 or greater than
126). On many system, these characters have to be filtered and replaced with
something printable: the default behaviour is to add 64 to all characters under
32 (so that control characters will translate to the respective letter) and to print
them in reverse video; moreover, all characters between 127 and 160 are visualized
as a reversed question mark (this works particularly well with ISO Latin
1, but Windows users might not like it). This behavior can be easily changed
by modifying the
out() function in term.c.
Note that it is certainly possible that some system features not standardized
by POSIX interfere with
ne’s use of the I/O stream. Such problems
should be dealt with locally by using the system facilities rather than by
#ifdef’ing the source code. An example is given in Hints and Tricks.